Androgens are hormones that control the development of sex characteristics. Those people are born with male sex characteristics have higher levels of androgens. On the other hand those are born with male sex characteristics have high levels of androgens. Instead, they have high levels of estrogens.
Anti-androgen help to interrupt the effects of androgens, like testosterone. Anti-androgen do this process by binding to proteins called androgen receptors. They attach to these receptors so that androgens can’t.
There are various types of anti-androgens. They’re usually taken with other medications or during certain surgical procedures.
Prostate cancer happens within the prostate. The prostate is additionally a little walnut-shaped gland in males that produces the semen that nourishes and transports sperm.
Prostate cancer is one of the foremost common kinds of cancer. Many prostate cancers grow slowly and are limited to the endocrine. However, while some sorts of prostatic adenocarcinoma grow slowly and can need minimum or maybe no treatment, other types are aggressive and will grow quickly.
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How are they used?
Anti-androgens have many uses, from leading prostate cancer to reducing unwanted facial hair.
All women naturally produce alittle amount of androgens. However, some women produce quite others.
For example, women including polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have upper androgen levels. This can be the reason of excess hair growth, acne, and ovulation problems. Anti-androgens can help minimize these symptoms in women with PCOS.
Other situation that cause high levels of androgens in women include:
• adrenal hyperplasia
• ovarian tumors
• adrenal gland tumors
Anti-androgens can help manage these conditions and stop complications caused by high androgen levels in women. These complications include:
• high cholesterol
• high blood pressure
• heart disease
For transgender women and nonbinary people
For people in transition, anti-androgens can help block a number of the masculinizing effects of testosterone. They can minimize some characteristically male traits, such as:
• male pattern baldness
• facial hair growth
• morning erections
Anti-androgens are best for transgender women when crazy estrogen, the first female steroid hormone . In collation to triggering the development of feminine physical traits, for example breasts, estrogen also circuitously reduces testosterone levels. Assumption anti-androgens with estrogen can help to both put down masculine traits and raise feminine ones.
For people who identify as nonbinary, taking anti-androgens alone can help minimize masculine physical traits.
Androgens stimulate cancer cell growth in the prostate. Lowering androgen levels, or prohibiting androgens from reaching cancer cells, can help impede cancer. It may also shrink existing tumors.
In its early stages, prostatic adenocarcinoma cells believe androgens to feed their growth. Anti-androgens work by blocking androgens from binding to androgen receptors in prostatic adenocarcinoma cells. This starves the cancer cells of the androgens they have so as to grow.
However, anti-androgens don’t stop androgen production. They’re often used in abbreviation with other treatments, such as surgical or chemical castration. These combinations are also called:
• combined androgen blockage
• complete androgen blockade
• total androgen blockade
What are the side effects?
There are some side effects, depending on the dose and type you take.
Some possible side effects include:
• low sex drive
• increased risk of depression
• elevated liver enzymes
• reduced facial and body hair
• highly risk if taken during pregnancy
• liver injury
• erectile dysfunction
• breast tenderness
• hot flashes
• menstrual irregularity
• skin rash
• anti-androgen counteraction, meaning the medication stops working
The bottom line
Anti-androgens have much uses for men, women, and people in gender transition, both on their own and in conjunction with other medications and coverings. However, anti-androgens are powerful drugs which will cause some serious side effects. You must asked your doctor to take anti-androgen
The above information comes from the Internet. Any advice on the use of the drug is for reference only. Please consult with doctor for medical advice.